Whether you are already studying in the UK, or simply considering it, you may be looking ahead at your options once you graduate.
The UK attracts a large proportion of all international students. It’s the second-most popular destination for international students after the USA and about 20% of those in higher education in the UK in 2017-18 were international students.
Among the big draws for students is the high quality of life and good employment prospects after graduation. So far citizens of a country in the European Union or the European Economic Area (EEA) have been able to live in the UK with few restrictions. After Brexit this will change and all foreign students will need to jump a few hurdles to remain in the UK once their course finishes. Put simply, you’ll need to find well-paid work.
As soon as you graduate, international students need to switch their visa to a work-related one if they wish to extend their stay. However, new laws have made it tougher for international students to do so, and the post-study work visa was scrapped in 2012. This had allowed non-EU students to stay in the UK and work for up to two years after graduation while looking for work, whereas students are now able to stay for just four months after the completion of their course. What’s more, most international students who are able to find work will need to have a starting salary of at least £20,800. In September 2019 the government announced however, that the UK would go back to its earlier policy and allow graduates the chance to stay for two years after graduation. This rule will apply to all students who start an undergraduate or above course from 2020 later.
“Job hunting after uni was tough,” says Frank Van Den Berg, 23, who grew up in Holland and moved to the UK to study history at University College London.” It took me almost six months to find a good graduate position here, it’s so competitive. Fortunately I was able to survive by working in bars while I looked for work.” He adds that the freedom to stay and do casual work for as long as he wished was a huge help – a privilege that students from outside the EEA don’t currently have.
The visa options explained
There are several options available when applying for a visa, and you should read through them carefully before deciding which is right for. Although you’ll normally have to complete your course before applying, you should plan in advance so act quickly. It can take a long time for your sponsor to issue a certificate and for your visa to be processed. A full list can be found on the UK government website, but most graduates apply for one of three visas. These are:
Tier 2 is the most common visa route for international graduates. To qualify, you’ll need to find work with an employer who is willing to pay you a minimum salary of £20,800 a year, and depending on the type of work you wish to do, this figure may rise. Further to this, the employer is usually required to demonstrate that they have advertised the job and were unable to find a suitable UK applicant to fill the post before they can offer it to an international student.
There’s no denying it can be difficult to obtain a Tier 2 visa, as Mia Chen, 25, from New South Wales, Australia, discovered. She says that she intended to stay in the UK after she graduated from the University of Durham, but felt she had almost no chance of finding work. “I got the sense that many employers wouldn’t even consider an international student,” she says. “Most of the companies I applied to didn’t even reply to me.”
Eventually, around 45 applications later, Chen says she finally got her first interview, and landed a graduate placement at Land Rover. “It was worth the hours of stress and job searching, but I wish I’d prepared more in advance so I wasn’t scrambling around at the last minute,” she says.
Improving your chances of getting a Tier 2 Visa
There are plenty of things you can do to improve your chances of successfully finding a certified employer to sponsor you for a Tier 2 visa after you graduate.
Most graduates need to obtain work experience alongside their degree to be successful in the UK graduate job market. Seeking out part-time work or an internship placement that’s linked to your degree can help you develop real-life skills and industry contacts. If opportunities are scarce, consider approaching companies and offering to volunteer in your chosen industry. Volunteering can be a great way to gain experience while doing something you are interested in and enjoy.
Business knowledge isn’t just useful for would-be business owners: employers value them too. Many universities will have opportunities for you to pick up experience in this area through various programs, and you can be proactive by taking the lead in university societies. It’ll all make for impressive reading on your CV.
As an international student, you may already speak more than one language, which will help to set you apart from other candidates. However, if you do not have a native level of English proficiency, be aware that you’ll need a high standard of English to stand a chance of landing a job in the UK. Work on your skills while studying for your degree, and take additional classes if you feel you need to.
The start-up visa has replaced the old Tier 1 (Graduate entrepreneur) visa which is not available anymore.
In order to be eligible for a start-up visa, you’ll need to be endorsed by a UK higher education institution or a business organisation with a history of supporting entrepreneurs in the United Kingdom. You’ll also need to be able to show that you have a valid business idea that is new, innovative and viable. You can read all the requirements on the UK government website.
The Sirius Programme is a 12-month programme which supports young entrepreneurs from all over the world. They can support around 65 visas every year for young people who want to be entrepreneurs in the United Kingdom.
Juli Mora, 26, moved to Edinburgh to do a Master of Fine Art (Glass), after gaining a BA in Graphic Design from Veritas University in San José, Costa Rica. She says she gained a Tier 1 Graduate Entrepreneur visa to pursue turning her glass collections into a business.
“I had to get a sponsorship from the University of Edinburgh by writing a business plan, and in turn the university helped me apply for the endorsement,” she says. “Once secured, I got together the documents required and submitted the application. My visa was approved after two months.”
However, Mora adds that this route is not for the faint-hearted: “You have to be very determined to succeed in securing the application and it is also very expensive to pay for the fee to apply. I recommend getting in contact with the career services team at your university for help.”
Tier 5 Youth Mobility Scheme
The third commonly used option to get a visa for the UK is the Tier 5 Youth Mobility Scheme. To qualify, you’ll need to be aged 18-30, and be from either Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Monaco, New Zealand, Republic of Korea or Taiwan. Places are limited, and you’ll need at least £1,890 in savings to apply. With the Tier 5 visa you can stay in the UK for up two years, and it cannot be extended.
There’s no denying that staying and working in the UK after you’ve studied there is a tough challenge. But we’ve also seen with the right preparation, exploring all your options and working hard, it is possible to do it. Your university careers office is a good place to go for further advice. They’ll have knowledge of lots of people who have done it, how they did it and can give you advice specific to your situation.